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Proposal dans Persan
=> propos1 gošâd

2 tang, xrax-varzi
The content of a belief, when expressed in words, is the same thing (or very nearly the same thing) as what in logic is called a "proposition." A proposition is a series of words (or sometimes a single word) expressing the kind of thing that can be asserted or denied.
We may identify propositions in general with the contents of actual and possible beliefs, and we may say that it is propositions that are true or false. In logic we are concerned with propositions rather than beliefs, since logic is not interested in what people do in fact believe, but only in the conditions which determine the truth or falsehood of possible beliefs. Whenever possible, except when actual beliefs are in question, it is generally a simplification to deal with propositions.

(B. RUSSELL, Lecture XII. Belief )
Just as a word has meaning, so a proposition has an objective reference. The objective reference of a proposition is a function (in the mathematical sense) of the meanings of its component words. But the objective reference differs from the meaning of a word through the duality of truth and falsehood. You may believe the proposition "to-day is Tuesday" both when, in fact, to-day is Tuesday, and when to-day is not Tuesday.
The meaning of a proposition is derivative from the meanings of its constituent words. Propositions occur in pairs, distinguished (in simple cases) by the absence or presence of the word "not."

(B. RUSSELL, Lecture XIII.Truth and Falsehood )
Perfect rationality consistes, not in believing what is true, but in attaching to every proposition a degree of belief corresponding to its degree of credibility. In regard to empirical propositions, the degree of credibility changes when fresh evidence accrues.

(B. RUSSELL, Human knowledge: its scope and limits (1948), p. 415)
Le résultat de la philosophie n'est pas de produire des "propositions philosophiques", mais de rendre claires les propositions.


Provenance du Dictionnaire: Dictionnaire français persan
Plus: Traduction de Français a Persan